Paz is known for his comeback after he broke his neck in a car crash. His story was dramatized in the 2016 film “Bleed for This,” starring Miles Teller.It’s the second time Paz has been arrested in recent months. He was charged with felony assault in January after he allegedly bit a man and knocked out his teeth after accusing him of stealing $16,000. Paz has maintained his innocence and said in several Twitter postings and after being released on personal recognizance that he was the victim.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Five-time boxing champion Vinny Paz, left, appears in court in Warwick, R.I., Thursday, March 15, 2018. Paz pleaded no contest to assaulting his girlfriend, and received a one-year suspended sentence and one year of probation. Paz, 55, entered his no contest plea to a domestic simple assault charge hours after Warwick police forced their way into his home following a call at about 3 a.m. by a relative of Paz’s girlfriend. He was also ordered to stay away from the victim and undergo counseling. (Steve Szydlowski/Providence Journal via AP)WARWICK, R.I. — Five-time world boxing champion Vinny Paz pleaded no contest Thursday in Rhode Island to assaulting his girlfriend, and received a one-year suspended sentence and one year of probation.But not long after he was sentenced, he proclaimed his innocence.ADVERTISEMENT Tim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crown Scarlett Johansson, Sterling K. Brown among SAG Awards presenters LATEST STORIES Cabuyao City rising above the ashes through volunteerism Nadine Lustre’s phone stolen in Brazil Conor McGregor seeks to emerge from controversy in UFC comeback In Liverpool, Man United sees the pain and path to recovery Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew “Nothing happened. I’m always innocent,” Paz told reporters gathered outside Kent County District Court.Paz, 55, entered his no contest plea to a domestic simple assault charge hours after Warwick police forced their way into his home following a call at about 3 a.m. by a relative of Paz’s girlfriend. He was also ordered to stay away from the victim and undergo counseling, as well as undergo evaluations for mental health and substance abuse.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkPolice said that the girlfriend barricaded herself inside a bathroom out of fear. When officers arrived, they said they found she had been assaulted, with injuries to her face. She was taken from the home on a stretcher and placed in an ambulance.Warwick Police Chief Stephen McCartney told media outlets that alcohol may have been a factor. Paz told reporters outside court that he does not have a drinking problem, and signed autographs for fans as he left. Rockets overcome Clippers to clinch Southwest Division title Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award Jiro Manio arrested for stabbing man in Marikina MOST READ Recto seeks to establish Taal rehab body to aid community, eruption victims Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. View comments
Winfrey details her decision to withdraw from Simmons film Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard PLAY LIST 02:14Carpio hits red carpet treatment for China Coast Guard02:56NCRPO pledges to donate P3.5 million to victims of Taal eruption00:56Heavy rain brings some relief in Australia02:37Calm moments allow Taal folks some respite03:23Negosyo sa Tagaytay City, bagsak sa pag-aalboroto ng Bulkang Taal01:13Christian Standhardinger wins PBA Best Player award China population now over 1.4 billion as birthrate falls Dave Chappelle donates P1 million to Taal relief operations Jury of 7 men, 5 women selected for Weinstein rape trial Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next In fight vs corruption, Duterte now points to Ayala, MVP companies as ‘big fish’ LATEST STORIES “I heard that the fan base out here is ridiculous, so I’m excited to see that especially coming from Kentucky and the Kings. They’re notorious for their fans so I’m excited to see how how crazy the fans here are,” he said on Tuesday.Cauley-Stein and WNBA legend Sheryl Swoopes will be on hand for the 2018 Jr. NBA Philippines as they will help in coaching the finalists for this year’s National Training Camp.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSGinebra beats Meralco again to capture PBA Governors’ Cup titleSPORTSAfter winning title, time for LA Tenorio to give back to Batangas folkSPORTSTim Cone, Ginebra set their sights on elusive All-Filipino crownThey will have a first-hand look at the top 75 boys and girls aged 10-14 in this year’s camp at Don Bosco Technical Institute on Saturday before the culmination at SM Mall of Asia Music Hall on Sunday to name the 16 Jr. NBA Philippines All-Stars which will travel to Shanghai, China in October to watch the NBA China Games 2018 between the Philadephia 76ers and the Dallas Mavericks.Cauley-Stein is just happy to be part of the grassroots development program as it gives him a chance to share his experience to the younger generation. Jiro Manio arrested for stabbing man in Marikina MOST READ Volcano watch: Island fissures steaming, lake water receding Folayang vows to be aggressive yet careful in return fight View comments “I think the Jr. NBA just puts on such a good experience for these kids. Like the way they run things is so well and a kid cannot have a bad experience here,” he said.“The learning aspect, the respect, all that is good to me because it’s bigger than hoops. You don’t just use those things for hoops, but you can also use them for everyday life. Them teaching those things here is good to instill to these young kids.” Photo by Randolph B. Leongson/INQUIRER.netThroughout his young career, Willie Cauley-Stein has had the privilege to play in front of rowdy fans in Kentucky and Sacramento.But being in Manila for the first time, the 24-year-old center is just pumped to soak in the Filipino fans’ passion for the game.ADVERTISEMENT Lights inside SMX hall flicker as Duterte rants vs Ayala, Pangilinan anew Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Steam emission over Taal’s main crater ‘steady’ for past 24 hours
The Guyana Fire Service (GFS) will take at least one month to complete their investigations into the fire that has gutted ‘G’ Division (Essequibo Coast-Islands) Commander, Crystal Robinson’s home.The remains of the house owned by G Division (Essequibo Coast-Islands) Commander Crystal RobinsonIn an interview with the Guyana Times on Saturday, Robinson said that this was related to her recently by investigators attached to the Guyana Fire Service. She is quite curious as to what might have stated the fire.She nevertheless, was appalled as to the lengthy period the investigation will take to complete.“I can’t really say if I am satisfied with the investigations, because I don’t know what their investigation entails because they had to get people from the Ministry of Works and different places to do their investigations so it takes time. I am still waiting on them”.On August 10, a fire of unknown origin completely gutted the newly appointed Commander’s West Coast Demerara home.Robinson in a previous interview had stated that she was at the Police Pageant at the National Cultural Centre when she received a call at about 00:30h that her house was on fire.The GPF continues to support the Commander as acting Police Commissioner hands over a cheque to RobinsonShe explained that by the time she reached her Lot 154 Back Street, Stewartville, WCD, home, the house was completely engulfed in flames and as such, she could not save any household items.Firefighters, who arrived at the scene late, were also unable to save anything from the blaze.It was reported that the first fire tender to respond to the fire got stuck in mud while the second arrived without water.By the time the third fire tender reached the scene, the house was already destroyed. Robinson said that she lived in that home for 51 years with her parents and other relatives. Luckily, none of the five occupants were at home at the time of the fire.According to her, a neighbour observed flames in the garage and contacted the Guyana Fire Service (GFS).Robinson said that three vehicles were destroyed by the fire. Ever since the fire, Robinson has been staying with a relative. She is eagerly awaiting the completion of the investigation in order to start reconstruction.So far, the Guyana Police Force (GPF) has pledged its “full support” to bring relief to Robinson and her family.
Windies Captain Jason Holder and his team are on a mission to improve their Test ranking as they commence their campaign in Wednesday’s opener against Bangladesh.Shimron Hetmyer returns to the Test sideHolder, along with teammates Shane Dowrich and Shannon Gabriel, all had upward movement in their Test Player rankings since the series against Sri Lanka. Holder is now 54th in batting and is 6th in the all-rounder’ list and a career-best 25th among bowlers.Dowrich, who had a century under his belt in the Test against Sri Lanka, is 51st among the batsmen while Gabriel is now at 12th place following his man-of-the-match 13 for 121, the third-best haul ever by a West Indies bowler.The chance to move from a low 9th place is possible if the Windies win a match in the series. The hosts warmed up well a few days ago in their 2-day practice game which ended in a draw.Those probabilities based on points should the hosts win, lose or draw equate to: drawn series – Bangladesh 75, Windies 72; Windies win 1-0 – Windies 75, Bangladesh 69; Windies win 2-0 – Windies 77, Bangladesh 67.This series is also an opportunity for West Indies to go past Bangladesh in the Test rankings. Bangladesh currently sits in eighth position with 75 points, with West Indies ninth on 72 points.A win for the home side will see them overtake Bangladesh, while a drawn series will maintain the status quo. Bangladesh will remain in the eighth spot even if they win 2-0, though they will narrow the gap with seventh-ranked Pakistan.Guyanese Shimron Hetmyer returned to red-ball cricket with a ton while the rest of the team are still in top form following the recently-concluded Test series against Sri Lanka.The left-handed Hetmyer was not picked in the XI for the first two Tests of the series against Sri Lanka, before being taken ill ahead of the third Test. Guyanese Keemo Paul, the right-arm fast bowler who had replaced Hetmyer in the squad, keeps his place in the squad despite his countryman’s return. Uncapped reserve wicketkeeper Jahmar Hamilton was the only player left out.While commending the team for the performance against Sri Lanka, the West Indies selection panel said they wanted more runs from the top order. The selection panel “expects to see a greater effort from the top 5 batters and see them return to the focus and discipline we know they are capable of in the upcoming series against Bangladesh”.“We congratulate the team on a drawn series [against Sri Lanka], but recognise that victory was within our reach. The selection panel also acknowledge and commend the strong performances of Captain Jason Holder, Shannon Gabriel and man of the series Shane Dowrich.”Meanwhile, the first Test bowls off from 10:00h today, July 4 at the Sir Viv Richards Stadium, Antigua.
However, he has since reversed his decision and will play against Argentina on Friday, also retaining the captain’s armband.“Everyone knows the truth. My role in the squad has always been positive and I’ve always brought people together. I’ve always put us before me,” Buffon, who holds a European record 175 international caps, told reporters at the Etihad Stadium.“I’m not here to showcase, to show myself off. I can still be useful. I might be 40 but I’m the goalkeeper of Juventus.“Italy is a funny country where people enjoy controversy but any controversy about me is just sensationalism. After a while all this controversy will just fall away.”Buffon has previously hinted that this season could be his last but he does not appear to have any retirement plans yet, especially with Juve well-placed for another Serie A title and in the quarter-finals of the Champions League.“I don’t know if my last match will be with Juventus or an international but it will be low key and sober, normal,” he said.“I arrived at my first game on a scooter and the only car I have is the one that Juventus make available for me.”After Friday’s game, Italy head for London where they will play England at Wembley on Tuesday.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today) 0Shares0000Never too old: Italy goalkeeper Gianluigi Buffon attends a press conference in Manchester ahead of Friday’s friendly against Argentina © AFP / Oli SCARFFMANCHESTER, United Kingdom, Mar 23 – Veteran goalkeeper Gianluigi Buffon insisted Thursday that he still has a role to play in Italy’s future despite already having passed his 40th birthday.The Juventus star quit international football after Italy stunningly failed to qualify for the World Cup finals.
0Shares0000Cristiano Ronaldo has taken an early advantage over Messi © AFP / Odd ANDERSENMOSCOW, Russian Federation, Jun 16 – Cristiano Ronaldo has emphatically won the first round of his World Cup duel with eternal rival Lionel Messi — revelling in the adulation after his dramatic hat-trick while the Argentine flopped against Iceland.Messi knew he had to find something special to match the Portuguese on Saturday but ended up squandering a golden chance to write his own headlines as he failed to convert from the penalty spot. Then, with just seconds remaining in Moscow, the Barcelona man stood over a direct free-kick, mirroring the opportunity Ronaldo had the previous evening against Spain.Ronaldo puffed out his cheeks, hitched up his shorts and arrowed his set-piece into the net to seal his 51st career hat-trick and pull Portugal level at 3-3.In contrast, Messi, with the score at 1-1, drove his free-kick straight into the wall, booting the ball into the air in frustration as the final whistle sounded seconds later.Ronaldo, who also scored from the penalty spot on Friday, has now joined an elite group of players to have found the net at four consecutive World Cups.Cristiano Ronaldo and Lionel Messi in club colours © AFP/File / Josep LAGOThe 30-year-old Messi often edges Ronaldo in the debate about who is the best player in the world, with both men vying for supremacy on the same stage in Spain’s La Liga.The Argentine is a magician at the heart of the Barcelona team while Ronaldo has transformed himself from a twinkle-toed winger at Manchester United and in his early Real Madrid days, into a devastating finisher.Analytics firm Opta Sports pointed out that Messi had 11 attempted shots to Ronaldo’s four in their opening games in Russia, highlighting the efficiency of the Portugal forward.Messi’s fans say Ronaldo, at 33, is slowing down.Yet who is hotly tipped to win the next Ballon D’Or? Who has just won a third Champions League crown on the bounce? And who is a reigning European champion?If the man from Madeira does pick up the 2018 Ballon D’Or, that would give him six to his great rival’s five, edging him ahead in their personal race.– ‘Winking Ronaldo’ –It is too early to draw conclusions in Russia. The tournament has only just started and Argentina — despite being held by Iceland on the Nordic nation’s World Cup debut — could conceivably go on and lift the trophy.Lionel Messi missed a penalty as Argentina were held by Iceland at the World Cup in Russia © AFP / Mladen ANTONOVBut while Ronaldo revels in wearing the red of Portugal and is feted at home, Messi can too often appear cowed in the famous blue and white stripes of his country.And, amazing as it may appear to many neutrals, he has his critics in Argentina, who accuse him of failing to replicate his Barcelona brilliance.In 2016 he retired from international duty after Argentina’s Copa America final defeat by Chile, only to reverse his decision weeks later.It would be no surprise if Messi retires after this World Cup, particularly if Argentina fail to fulfil sky-high expectations back home.“Messi misses a penalty and somehow, somewhere, I think Ronaldo may be winking,” tweeted former Barcelona and England forward Gary Lineker.0Shares0000(Visited 1 times, 1 visits today)
Arcata Associates, founded in 1980, operates in 11 states and has 320 employees, 111 at Dryden. A provider of engineering, information technology and multimedia services, its customers include the U.S. Army, Air Force and Navy as well as NASA and the General Services Administration.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MOREBasketball roundup: Sierra Canyon, Birmingham set to face off in tournament quarterfinalsThe awards were part of the SBA’s 2006 National Small Business Week, an annual event honoring excellence among small business, corporate and government entities. “It’s great that both firms have been recognized by the SBA as Regional Small Business Prime Contractor of the Year,” said Robert Medina, Dryden Small Business specialist. “This tells me that Dryden has two of the 10 best federal government prime small-business contractors this year, a first for the center.” At an April 13 breakfast meeting of honorees, AS&M President Jalaiah Unnam and his wife, Vijaya, chief executive officer, were introduced to President George W. Bush. AS&M Inc. was established in 1983 with five employees. It now has more than 180 employees, about 60 of them at Dryden. In addition to NASA, the firm provides engineering and technical services to customers including Lockheed Martin, The Boeing Company, Goodrich and General Electric. EDWARDS AIR FORCE BASE – Two companies that do work for NASA at Dryden Flight Research Center were among more than 100 small businesses honored by the U.S. Small Business Administration. Hampton, Va.-based Analytical Services & Materials (AS&M) Inc. was named the National Small Business Prime Contractor of the Year. Las Vegas-based Arcata Associates was named Prime Contractor of the Year for California, Nevada, Arizona and Hawaii. NASA Dryden officials nominated the two companies for excellence in the quality of their work at the center.
ChampionshipVan der Linde now leads the championship with 80 points after three rounds with six remaining. Gatting is second with 72 points. “I had a great start in race two and made up a lot of places on the opening lap. Once I got to the front, it was just a case of maintaining the pace and making no mistakes. “I’m very happy with my first Volkswagen Scirocco R-Cup victories at the Red Bull Ring, which is a new circuit to me.” Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material PodiumWith fellow South African Pepper, like Van der Linde just 16 years of age, third, it was a proud moment for the two Johannesburg teenagers as they stood on the podium with 19-year-old Michelle Gatting of Denmark, who finished second. Van der Linde won Saturday’s race over 10 laps from pole position after it was shortened by two laps as a result of an accident. South African teenager Kelvin van der Linde dominated the second and third rounds of the international Volkswagen Scirocco R-Cup one-make series in Austria on Saturday and Sunday, with back-to-back victories on the Red Bull Ring in Spielberg. Gatting and Van der Linde were involved in a thrilling duel for the lead in Saturday’s race before the young South African got the upper hand and crossed the line with a 5.6-second advantage. 4 June 2013 SAinfo reporter The top eight finishers then started Sunday’s race in reverse order and Van der Linde took full advantage of a great start from eighth on the grid to move into the lead by the second lap. ‘Tough’“My start in race one was not good and Michelle put me under pressure right from the word go,” a happy Van der Linde said afterwards. “We were involved in a tough, but fair duel. It was an outstanding performance by the rising star of South African motorsport, who is competing for the first time in the one-make series and had never previously raced on the Austrian circuit. The 2012 South African Volkswagen Cup champion was ably supported by 16- year-old compatriot Jordan Pepper, who finished third in race one on Saturday and fifth in Sunday’s round in front of a large crowd which had gathered to watch the main attraction, the German Touring Car Championship (DTM). He steadily pulled away from the rest of the field to take the chequered flag by a comfortable 10.2 seconds from Gatting and 10.5 seconds ahead of Kasper Jensen. The next round is at the Norisring circuit in Germany on July 13. Four weeks ago, he made his debut in the series at the Hockenheimring grand prix circuit in Germany, where he qualified second and finished fourth despite losing the car’s power steering on the opening lap.
This year marked the 55th year founding of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), presently known as the Africa Union (AU), which is celebrated through Africa Day annually on the 25th May. Africans across the continent celebrated Africa day, an amazing milestone, and a journey all are proud of.Africa Day pays tribute to the achievements made by our heroes back in 1963 who led the way and envisioned an Africa that is filled with greatness, and it is in each and every individual to take the baton – of being the change and make Africa better.South Africa celebrated Africa Day with a month-long celebration of what it means to be African, and a three-day programme with Brand South Africa, Bassline and various stakeholders building up to the 14th annual Africa Day Festival hosted by Bassline now rebranded #BasslineFest which was held at the Constitution Hill.“We are proud to have been part of the Africa Day celebration as want to remind each and every African of our shared history and, to build lasting collaborations with our neighbours on the continent”; said Brand South Africa’s Stakeholder Relationship Manager Ms Toni Gumede.The three-day programme went as follows;Day one – 24th May Bassline in partnership with Brand South Africa, Nelson Mandela Foundation, Constitution Hill, Joburg Tourism and the ‘Red Bus’ company hosted a ‘Trace Mandela Footsteps Tour’. The purpose was to promote the #BeTheLegacy centenary campaign and local tourism.The tour ended in the Mandela House in Soweto, with the official #BasslineFest press-launch lunch where the #BasslineFest headline artists were unveiled. These included the legendary Salif Keita (Mali), multi-Grammy award winners Ladysmith Black Mambazo (South Africa) and the pop sensation Yemi Alade (Nigeria), Sipho ‘Hotstix’ Mabuse, Nakhane and Femi Koya amongst others.Addressing the artists’ and delegates, Chief Executive Officer of the Nelson Mandela Foundation Mr Sello Hatang said, “we are so grateful that you are here, Madiba use to say that music can unite people, can unite nations, you can forget about differences when there is music. It gives us great pleasure that you will be opening the centenary programme in terms of music and you are therefore pioneers in the arts for the centenary programme because you are the first act.”To end off the tour a surprise performance by multi-Grammy award winners Ladysmith Black Mambazo left the audience in a state of awe.“The tour was really an insightful page out of our history book. It was very informative and emotional at the same time. A very special reminder to celebrate Mandela’s legacy and the freedom we are happily enjoying today”, said delegate Ms Nthabi.Day two – 25th May Two dialogues were hosted at the Nelson Mandela Foundation. The first one under the theme “South Africa belongs to all who live in it” was led by Brand South Africa. The second dialogue of the day was hosted by the Gauteng Department of Sport and Recreation and focused on the Role of the Creative Industry in strengthening democracy.“The country (South Africa) has become home for many foreign nationals who not only contribute to the economy but to the colourful nation, we’ve been known to be. I urge that we all build bridges of active citizenry across African nations to better strengthen the main objectives of the OAU, said Brand South Africa’s Board of Trustee, Mr Mzi Malunga as he closed off the session.Day three – 26th May The #BasslineFest which was held at the Constitution Hill celebrated African dynamism, promoted solidarity, social cohesion, anti-xenophobia, tourism, arts and culture under the theme #BeTheLegacy as endorsed by the Nelson Mandela Foundation centenary celebration.Mr Brad Holmes, Founder and Managing Director of Bassline said, “the #BasslineFest is about exposing talent across Africa and contributes to creating a united Africa, a Pan Africa, an Africa without borders”.The #BasslineFest was infused with a market day curated by Soweto’s LoCrate Market team which was an opportunity to buy African food, fashion, art and crafts.Performances had the audiences dancing, screaming and chanting “we want more”. The artists paid homage to the continent with a particular focus this year, on the legacy that is Nelson Mandela.Ladysmith Black Mambazo, Yemi Alade and Salif Keita gave an exclusively crafted performance to pay tribute to Madiba’s legacy.Audiences of the #BasslineFest expressed their sentiments on the various performances on social media; @Tshepuna_Moloi May 26 : I’m in so much awe hlena… #BasslineFest @Pixie306 May 26: I absolutely love seeing Yemi Alade perform #BasslineFest @lulushezi May 26 : #Basslinefest Ladysmith Black Mambazo. My KZN heart is full.@uMandlakazi May 26 : The #BasslineFest bodied everything I’ve ever been to because @TheRealMambazo was there & then the king, @SalifKeita closed things off with ‘Afrika yeh!’ I wish him good health@Taxirankwear May 27 : #BASSLINEFest Ladysmith Black Mambazo did the most, shuuuuuu what a night, LegendaryWatch highlights of the #BasslineFest here: Africa Day Celebration Concert
No, the problem is air leakageGBA senior editor Martin Holladay suggests Taylor may be confusing air barriers and vapor retarders. “If you pay attention to air tightness (by following the Airtight Drywall Approach), there is every reason to believe that your proposed wall would function very well in Chicago, even without vapor retarder paint,” Holladay writes.“However, your local building code probably requires the use of a vapor retarder on the interior side of your wall — so you should probably go ahead and install kraft facing (the kind that accompanies fiberglass batts) or vapor retarder paint (if you choose cellulose — the better choice), just to keep the building inspector happy.”More to the point, Holladay says, is to choose a builder who understands how to make a building airtight. Ideally, that would extend to the drywall contractor. “There’s no reason to build a brand-new house with contractors who don’t understand these principles,” he says. “‘How risky is this?’ is the wrong question. The right question is, ‘Why would I want to choose contractors who don’t know how to do a good job?’”As to Taylor’s assertion that a poly vapor barrier, when installed correctly, is a viable means of controlling moisture, Holladay says: “Malcolm’s advice is appropriate for many locations in Canada, but is not recommended in the U.S., especially for buildings that will be air conditioned. Leave out the polyethylene unless you have a maple leaf on your flag.” Don’t forget, vapor barriers had a purposeMalcolm Taylor reminds Ed that problems associated with the movement of interior moisture is what prompted builders to begin using vapor barriers some 40 years ago, and that walls built in the manner Ed describes may indeed experience problems.“You need to go back to why vapor barriers were introduced into exterior walls in the first place,” Taylor writes. “Indoor moisture making its way into wall cavities really wasn’t much of a problem until the 1970s, when the push to conserve energy lead to widespread use of (mainly) batt insulation. In Canada this was pushed by the CMHC [Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation], and it was the widespread wall failures of the houses they had sponsored that was largely responsible for that adoption of poly vapor barriers as a way of mitigating air movement into the exterior walls.”Taylor says other strategies are available, including the Airtight Drywall Approach and the use of exterior insulating sheathing. “But,” he adds, “I don’t think anyone is advocating building without some method of limiting the movement of air through exterior walls.”The problem with vapor barriers, Taylor says, crops up when they are placed in such a way that the wall does not have a means of drying out. “The reason the wall would have moisture to dry in the first place would in most cases be that there was not an effective vapor barrier.”Later, Taylor adds this: “I’m not advocating for their use, but at present, outside the rarified world of green building and it’s one-off projects, sealed poly represents a viable method of stopping air movement that doesn’t interfere with common building practices as they are done throughout most of this continent.” Our expert’s opinionHere’s how GBA technical director Peter Yost looks at it:There are four ways that buildings can get wet: a bulk water leak, capillary suction or wicking in porous materials, convective moisture (air leaks), and vapor moving by diffusion. You should worry pretty much in that order, regardless of climate. And yes, an assembly getting wet by diffusion alone is largely a cold climate issue, or an issue in buildings with inherently high interior relative humidity (like an indoor swimming pool), or both. For all other situations, reliance on just that continuous air barrier is the best way to keep interior or exterior moisture from getting into assemblies.We avoid Class I vapor retarders (0.1 perms or less, like polyethylene) if we can because they restrict drying and because, when used to keep moisture out of a wall or ceiling, are usually complete overkill. But other factors matter too: for example, the indoor and outdoor relative humidities, as well as the vapor permeability of all the OTHER layers in the wall or ceiling assembly. (For more information on these topics, see Vapor Profiles Help Predict Whether a Wall Can Dry and Are Dew-Point Calculations Really Necessary?)Walls can get wet from mechanisms other than those already mentioned: for example due to solar-driven moisture or wicking from mortar continuity in veneer masonry. In general, you want to take all the drying potential you can find, rather than unnecessarily restricting drying with less vapor-permeable retarders than required by wintertime interior relative humidities.I would add that if your building inspector pushes you to install a dedicated interior vapor retarder, “smart” materials such as CertainTeed’s MemBrain or Pro Clima’s DB+ or Intello Plus should be considered in cold climates.There is some evidence that asphalt-impregnated kraft paper facings do not really stand up to repeated wetting and drying — at least in terms of their variable vapor permeability — like the other “smart” retarders do. Few topics in building science seem to have caused as much confusion as the use of a polyethylene vapor barrier in exterior walls.Once routinely used by builders to prevent the migration of interior moisture into wall cavities, polyethylene is no longer recommended for houses unless they’re built in extremely cold climates.But related questions keep coming, including this query from Ed in Chicago, which was posted in the Q&A forum at GreenBuildingAdvisor: “It’s well known that improper use of vapor retarders can prevent walls from drying out properly and leading to moisture related issues such as mold and rot,” Ed writes. “Is it uncommon to have moisture issues in walls due to air leaks or vapor diffusion if the vapor retarder is left out? Would there be a concern with moisture issues for a standard construction wall (siding, plywood sheathing, 2×4 or 2×6 framing, fiberglass or cellulose insulation, drywall without vapor retarding paint) if the vapor barrier is not used in cold climates?”The house under construction (not Ed’s, but the house of someone he knows) won’t include a poly vapor barrier — but the builder doesn’t plan any special effort to make it airtight, either. RELATED ARTICLES Vapor diffusion from the interior toward the exterior is an unlikely threatDana Dorsett points out that the major moisture threat is wind-driven rain leaking past improperly flashed windows and doors — what’s called “bulk leakage.”That’s followed by air leakage, he adds, “with vapor diffusion at an extremely distant third place, as much attention as vapor-retarders get in code. If an assembly can be designed to work without poly vapor barriers, it SHOULD be built without them, in my opinon, since (a) In practice the poly is rarely airtight, and (b) poly severely inhibits drying, whether airtight or not.”Dorsett continued,“In most of the lower-48 of the U.S., the rampant misapplication of poly in locations where it can just as easily be designed-out has caused as many real-world problems as it was intended to solve, and that would include Chicago. Summertime dew points in Chicago are high enough that a ‘drying toward the exterior only’ approach can create mold problems in air-conditioned houses with interior poly and fiber insulation, with or without ai-tight sheathing (or airtight wallboard), especially those with stucco or brick cladding. (Brick cladding and interior poly can be an issue for air conditioned buildings in Winnipeg, too.)” “It seems like every story I hear about wall moisture problems is because of improper use of vapor barriers, not because it was left out,” Ed wrote. “Is there concern that leaving out the vapor barrier without making the house reasonably airtight lead to a moisture problem?”That’s the subject of this month’s Q&A Spotlight. Vapor Retarders and Vapor BarriersForget Vapor Diffusion — Stop the Air Leaks!Do I Need a Vapor Retarder?Installing Fiberglass RightQuestions and Answers About Air Barriers Building Science Corp. Report on High R-value Walls