‘Gambia Should Not Dent Progress of Democracy in West Africa’ -Dr. Ibn Chambas

first_imgDemocracy, which is government by the people, is gradually taking a stronghold in the West African region and The Gambia, which is gradually being plunged into political anarchy after the December 1 electoral process, cannot be of any exception, the most senior official of the United Nations in West Africa, Dr. Mohamed Ibn Chambas, has said.The West African region has experienced successful elections as well as smooth transitions across the region in recent years, and Dr. Chambas said at a press conference in Monrovia that the situation in The Gambia cannot be a dark spot on these successes.The conference was the climax of the 30th High-Level Meeting of the heads of the UN Missions in West Africa, convened at the invitation of the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS), Mohamed Ibn Chambas.The Special Representatives of the UN Secretary-General and heads of the UN Missions in Cote d’Ivoire (UNOCI), Ms. Achatouw Mindaoudou Souleymane; in Liberia (UNMIL), Farid Zarif; and in Mali (MINUSMA), Mahamat Saleh Annadif, attended yesterday’s meeting.The objective of the bi-annual meeting, Dr. Chambas said, was to provide insight and exchange views on the peace and security dynamics in the areas of operation of the respective missions as well as in the West African region.In the last two years, there have been ten presidential elections across the region. Opposition leaders were victorious in five of them with the rest won by incumbents. There have been smooth transfers of powers in all of the elections that the opposition won. “This is the level of progress that we have seen in recent years and this cannot be reversed in our region,” Dr. Chambas, a native of Ghana, said.On behalf of his colleagues, Dr. Chambas expressed the hope that upcoming elections in West Africa, especially in Liberia and a few other countries, will consolidate democratic progress and bring about increased participation in politics.Election successes and smooth transitions simply mean that the period of coup d’états are over and democracy, the popular will of the people, is now reigning across a region that was known to have experienced the highest number of bloody coups. Dr. Chambas indicated that The Gambia must move by the wind of democracy that is sweeping across the continent.He expressed serious concern over the rejection of the December 1 election results by incumbent President Yahya Jammeh, and called for peaceful transfer of power, noting that heads of UN Missions support the ECOWAS and the UN Security Council position on The Gambia.Upholding the election result is a must. “The will of the people of The Gambia must be respected,” he added.He also prayed that Liberia and other countries that will be going to the poll next year will have peaceful and transparent processes, and admitted that the real challenge that the region faces has to do with extremism. “This is our greatest challenge as a region and we must address it collectively,” he said.The Monrovia meeting was meant to also strengthen coordination in order to address common challenges in such areas as elections, transnational organized crime, violent extremism and terrorism, the security sector and constitutional reform processes and democratic transitions.Chambas lauded the peaceful execution of the December 7 elections in Ghana, while also commending the outgoing President John Mahama for peacefully conceding defeat. He also referenced the peaceful local and presidential elections in Cape Verde, held in September and October, respectively, this year. “We are very glad that all of these are happening in our region,” he added, and made specific reference to the upcoming Malian election which will be its first since 2009.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

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Epsy Campbell asks the United Nations to intervene in Nicaragua

first_imgRelated posts:Nicaragua drops $80 million on Russian tanks 23,000 Nicaraguans seek asylum in Costa Rica: UN Independence torch travels through a fractured Central America Madelaine Caracas: the fierce Nicaraguan artist who stood up to Daniel Ortega Thousands of Nicaraguans have fled to neighbor countries, especially to Costa Rica, where at least 23,000 have already sought asylum.For Campbell, “only the path of committed, effective dialogue between the two parties, with a serious agreement and an agenda of democratization, can be a solution for the conflict that distresses the brother land.”The dialogue in Nicaragua, mediated by the Catholic Church and started May 16, has been paralyzed since the middle of June. This is due to the government’s violent repression of protests and refusal to accept democratization measures, including early elections. Facebook Comments For this reason, she suggested that the international community and the U.N. General Secretary participate with the preventive diplomacy and help mediate the crisis.The massive protests that erupted in Nicaragua five months ago against President Daniel Ortega has resulted in more than 320 deaths and 2,000 injured in midst of a violent repression.Campbell noted an increase of migration and refuge applications of Nicaraguans in Costa Rica, emphasizing a “responsible, orderly and solidary” answer from Costa Rica.“But of course, Costa Rica cannot carry this weight alone,” she said. “The situation in Nicaragua is not sustainable.” Fleeing violence, Nicaraguans seek safety in Costa Ricacenter_img Vice President Epsy Campbell, said Thursday at the U.N. that the situation in Nicaragua is “not sustainable,” and called on the international community to help solve the “crisis with the potential of growth” with impacts all over Central America.“When it comes to the life and dignity of people, to their chance of living free of fear and misery, the silence makes us accomplices,” she said from the podium of the United Nations General Assembly.“That is why Costa Rica raises its voice,” she said, expressing her preoccupation regarding the “disrespect of the rule of law” and the “violations of the human rights” in Venezuela.Campbell said that the “deterioration of the institutionalization and the systematic erosion of the human rights” in Nicaragua requires worldwide attention. Nicaragua expels UN human rights missionlast_img read more

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New study reveals transmission of NDMbacteria between dogs and humans

first_imgJul 9 2018In 2015, a New Delhi -metallo-beta-lactamase (NDM) Escherichia coli bacteria was discovered in two Finnish dogs. An article recently published in the journal Eurosurveillance reveals that the dogs’ owner did also carry the bacterium. This is presumably the first time in the world that the transmission of NDM-bacteria between a dog and a human has been reported.”We were able, through the analysis of the genome of the bacteria, to conclude that the bacterial isolates from the dogs and humans were identical, which means that they were transmitted between dogs and humans,” says DVM (PhD) Thomas Grönthal, the corresponding author of the study, at the Faculty of veterinary medicine, University of Helsinki.The bacteria had been transmitted between dogs and humansRelated StoriesNew methods to recognize antimicrobial resistant bacteria and how they workBacteria in the birth canal linked to lower risk of ovarian cancerRaw meat can act as reservoir for bacteria associated with hospital infectionsThe NDM-bacteria that had originally been isolated from ear specimens from two dogs in the same family initiated an investigation about the spread and origin of the bacteria. Specimens were also taken from family members and the dogs. The relatedness of the bacteria were investigated by examining the nucleotide sequence of their genome. The study was a collaboration between the University of Helsinki, the National Institute of Health and Welfare, and the Finnish Food Safety Authority Evira.An extremely resistant NDM-5 producing bacterial strain was isolated from the family dogs and one of the family members. In addition, both dogs and two family members carried a multidrug-resistant ESBL bacterium. The NDM and ESBL bacterial strains that were isolated from the dogs and humans were identical. The humans were asymptomatic. The origin of the NDM bacteria was not discovered in this study.The use of antibiotics propagates the selection of resistant strains”We could not show with certainty in which direction the bacteria had transmitted. However, especially the NDM-bacteria probably moved from human to dog as these bacteria have not previously been identified in animals in Finland,” assesses docent and leader of the research Merja Rantala from the University of Helsinki.”The use of carbapenem antibiotics in animals is prohibited in Finland, but the dogs had received numerous other antibiotics. This gave the NDM-bacteria a competitive edge and enabled them to persist in the dogs,” says Rantala.Are carbapenemase-producing bacteria becoming more common in animals?This study is presumably the first where the transfer of NDM-bacteria between dogs and humans has been demonstrated. The NDM-5 bacterium is very rare in dogs; it has only been isolated in Algeria previously. Other carbapenem-resistant bacteria have been reported in dogs in the United States, France and Germany. They are, however, being reported in animals at an increasing pace. The research group recommends that laboratories investigating animal specimens should monitor the susceptibility of bacteria to carbapenems and extended spectrum cephalosporins. Source:https://www.helsinki.fi/en/news/life-science/the-transmission-of-ndm-bacteria-between-dogs-and-humans-has-been-established-for-the-first-timelast_img read more

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