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two children and a dog named Spot, who were travelling in the bus,sustained injuries he said adding they have been admitted tonearby hospitals Police said a probe was on Written by Pratik Kanjilal | Published: February 14 2015 4:47 am Replica of the Chauvet cave painting in the Anthropos museum Brno Czech Republic Related News Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind Yuval Noah Harari Harvill Secker Pages: 440 Price: Rs 2395 A decade ago Yuval Noah Harari began to teach a course at the University of Jerusalem the city “with too much history” on the history of the human race He took his students back 135 billion years to the Big Bang the beginning of everything fast-forwarded to about 70000 years ago when the species sapiens split away from the rest of the genus Homo to discover culture and anticipated an imminent post-human post-progressive future when the essential human question may cease to be “What do we want to become” Since a species which has taken technical command of the world and its contents can presumably engineer its own desires the really fundamental question could be: “What do we want to want” Last year Coursera took Harari online with a series of 64 video lectures which are also in the Internet Archive and this book evolved from it Blurbed by Jared Diamond who blazed the trail that Harari has followed to international superstardom Sapiens is a nonfiction phenomenon: it was a bestseller while still in press Harari does in fact what James A Michener did in fiction He tells a tale with a dramatic sweep that begins at the beginning of time and proceeds guided by meticulous research to the present day This is the original detective story of the human race pursuing spoors from the Olduvai Gorge to Silicon Valley to explore the fundamental question at the heart of all of human enquiry from epistemology to string theory: “Who am I” But as another illustrious son of Jerusalem had observed in the 3rd century BCE “there is [almost] nothing new under the sun” (Ecclesiastes 1:9) The academic literature is strewn with competing tellings of the threads that Harari brings together in Sapiens Harari holds that the maltreatment of animals in modern mechanised farming is the greatest crime in history Not news: PETA Bite Back and others have been addressing the matter with some success He suggests that the agricultural revolution was a fraud in which plants enslaved humans by offering nutritional guarantees Strikingly put but the argument is a splinter of the eternal debate on happiness: is material progress making us unhappier Its latest and most celebrated manifestation is the notion of gross national happiness which Bhutan developed into an alternative marker to GDP But happiness is as uncomputable as belief in the Mother Goddess or the World Bank and theories based on a calculus of joy are necessarily speculative Was a farmer in Celtic Glastonbury happier than a Bradford millionaire The farmer and the moneybags could discuss the matter time permitting but resolution would be elusive for want of a common frame of reference History is sometimes more opinion than fact and the chapters covering recent times when there have been a lot of historical opinion-makers competing for attention may seem like more of the same Harari could have reflected the diversity of opinion but he takes polemical positions (which he might undermine himself elsewhere in the book) For instance he suggests that money has created the most universal system of trust Try to buy something in London with Indian rupees Just try Harari suggests that empire has been the most successful political system and capitalism its most successful religion This claim would perplex a wide spectrum of people not just Occupy Harari excels in his analysis of human expansionism in prehistoric times He correlates it with waves of extinction suggesting that mass murder is a basic human instinct His most significant contribution is a caution against dogmatism The essence of humanity is mass culture the force multiplier which has propelled us to world domination bypassing the speed restrictions of biology But few markers persist in the material culture of the most remote antiquity The Denisovan culture is inferred from a finger-bone of a girl who lived 41000 years ago in Siberia Not much to go by but lab analysis reveals that her species ranged from Southeast Asia to Europe and interbred with Neanderthals and sapiens — which interbred among themselves too However nothing is known about how the young lady who owned the finger spent her days whether she painted or sang or if her in-laws were beastly to her When art or artisanship is found in material culture the historical record is radically altered After its release in September Sapiens was overtaken by dating of the cave art of Sulawesi in Indonesia to 30000-39000 years ago which is contemporary with the celebrated Chauvet cave in France and overturns the notion that visual art was innovated in Europe Both cultures left behind beautiful stencils of the artists’ hands in ochre which may suggest a common artistic ancestor The recommended word is “may” rather than “would” or “must” a useful distinction in an age marked by imagined pasts and political atavism Harari recommends academic caution too and his otherwise fascinating book would have been even better if he had taken his own advice Of course he could be doing that now Sapiens opens with a picture of a hand stencil from Chauvet In the second edition perhaps Harari will acknowledge the hand of yet another long-dead artist — from Indonesia rather than France For all the latest Lifestyle News download Indian Express App More Related NewsBy: Express Web Desk | Updated: July 7 2017 12:56 am Sriram Singh is the last Indian man to run in the final of an Olympic track event (Source: Express Photo by Rohit Jain Paras) Top News Former Indian athlete Sriram Singh has voiced concern over the current crop of athletes Sriram Singh who was the last Indian man to run in the final of an Olympic track event also stated that the Indian (men’s) middle-distance running is lagging 40 years behind This is why he believes that his record of being the last Indian man to run in the final of the Olympics is still there Commenting on it he said “I think this means Indian (men’s) middle-distance running is lagging 40 years behind” Speaking on today generation he said “There was a lot of difference in athletics in our times and current times The infrastructure is better now the foreign exposure including competitions are being given But the main reason why there is no performance is that the current crop is not being able to work hard like a Milkha Singh P T Usha or a Sriram Singh” “The recipe for success is the chemistry between the athlete and his or her coach Both should be dedicated in their work and there should be faith in each other” he said and added “The middle and long distance events have been neglected with no academies opened The academies that have been opened are either for sprint events or for throwing events” He further went on to question “What is the performance of foreign coaches who have been roped in at high salaries” and said “The high amount of salary paid to them should be spent on the Indian coaches If they (foreign coaches) leave the country with some excuse saying I don’t get this and that what will you do At least an Indian coach will be accountable for his performance” “The federation should figure out who are the good Indian coaches and they should be sent abroad to train under foreign coaches to upgrade their knowledge about coaching My belief that by depending on others (foreigners) we cannot develop or sustain ourselves in the long run” he said and added”We should develop more high altitude centres and during summer the athletes should be sent there for training and competitions should be held there If we are feeling the humidity standing here imagine the plight of athletes who are competing” For all the latest Sports News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Top NewsWritten by T R Andhyarujina | Published: October 9 2014 12:57 am In the UK the problem of judicial salaries becoming unremunerative with the cost of living is taken care of by a revision by the Senior Salaries Review Body which recommends increase in judicial salaries from time to time Related News For judicial office to attract the best talent raise judges’ salaries and their age of retirement The National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) Act 2014 seeks to improve the quality of judges of the Supreme Court and the high courts by changing the present system of appointment for judges Along with this major change it is imperative to make two other vital changes in the service conditions of judges of the higher judiciary to make the offices of judge of the SC and high courts attractive enough to secure the best talent from among lawyers and judges The two most important changes required are: First to raise the salaries and emoluments of judges of the higher courts; and second to raise the age of retirement of judges of the SC and high courts Unless these measures are undertaken simultaneously by the government even with the enactment of the NJAC law the judicial office will not attract the best talent as it does in other countries Historically judicial salaries in India have been niggardly For 36 years after the Constitution came into operation in 1950 judicial salaries remained unrevised Salaries were first increased in 1986 In 1998 they were further raised At present the chief justice of India is paid Rs100000 per month and other SC judges are paid Rs 90000 per month The chief justice of a high court is paid Rs 90000 per month and other high court judges are paid Rs 80000 per month Source; CR Sasikumar Even taking into consideration the perquisites attached to the office of judge judicial salaries have become unrewarding and unattractive to lawyers in good practice In the past in India as in the UK lawyers in good practice took judgeships as a career and as a matter of honour even though the rewards at the Bar were higher Today judicial salaries do not stand comparison with the earnings of lawyers in good practice resulting in fewer competent lawyers taking up judgeships It is ironic that fledgling law graduates today are offered higher salaries by law firms than the salaries paid to judges The late eminent jurist HM Seervai had trenchantly observed: “It may be said that we are a poor country and cannot afford to pay high salaries to judges I would like to record my opinion that only an extremely wealthy country can afford the luxury of an ill-paid judiciary and that the greatest sufferers of an ill-paid judiciary would be the Union and state governments because today the biggest litigant in India is the state The correct remedy is to make a judicial career sufficiently attractive for lawyers of the highest standing” Winston Churchill had said that the payments made to other civil servants cannot be equated with the salaries of judges He said: “The service rendered by judges demands the highest qualities of learning training and character These qualities are not to be measured in terms of pounds shillings and pence according to the quantity of work done A form of life and conduct far more severe and restricted than that of ordinary people is required from judges and though unwritten has been most strictly observed They are at once privileged and restricted They have to present a continuous aspect of dignity and conduct The bench must be the dominant attraction to the legal profession yet it rather hangs in the balance now and heavily will our society pay if it cannot command the finest characters and the best legal brains which we can produce” In the UK the problem of judicial salaries becoming unremunerative with the cost of living is taken care of by a revision by the Senior Salaries Review Body which recommends increases in judicial salaries from time to time We are in serious danger of undermining the standing of our higher judiciary if judicial salaries are not raised In 2007 Chief Justice John Roberts of the US Supreme Court described the then levels of judicial salaries in the US as a “constitutional crisis” with much less justification Another deterring factor in accepting a judgeship in India is the retirement age of 62 years for a high court judge and 65 years for an SC judge At these retirement ages judges are in full possession of their faculties but are constitutionally prevented from active legal practice In the case of a high court judge on his retirement he can only shift to the SC to practice as a lawyer which few retired high court judges can do High court and SC judges on retirement look out for positions given to them by government or seek to be an arbitrator or to give opinions Presently on average an SC judge is appointed for a tenure of four to six years before he retires at 65 In such a short tenure even the ablest judge does not have the time to master the law and acquire the knowledge required of an SC judge In leading supreme courts abroad the retirement age is above 65 Thus the retirement age for judges of the High Court of Australia (Australia’s apex court) is 70 of the Supreme Court of Canada is 75 of the Supreme Court of Ireland is 70 of the Supreme Court of Israel is 70 of the Supreme Court of New Zealand is 68 of the Constitutional Court of South Africa is 70 or after 12 years of service of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom is 75 Uniquely there is no retirement age for judges of the Supreme Court of the United States although judges on their own retire at an age of their choice It is only in India and Pakistan that Supreme Court judges have to retire at the age of 65 years The retirement age of a high court judge must therefore be revised to at least 65 years and an SC judge to 70 A constitutional amendment bill was sought to raise the retirement age of a high court judge to 65 in 2011 but it was not pursued due to objections from the opposition It is therefore imperative that these two vital changes are made along with the implementation of the NJAC Act 2014 to secure the best judges in the Supreme Court and high courts The writer is a senior advocate at the Supreme Court former solicitor general of India and advocate-general of Maharashtra For all the latest Opinion News download Indian Express App More Related NewsWritten by Mimansa Shekhar | New Delhi | Published: August 11 2017 8:35 am Jacqueline Fernandez will next be seen alongside Varun Dhawan and Taapsee Pannu in Judwaa 2 and Sidharth Malhotra in A Gentleman Related News Jacqueline Fernandez might be a foreign export to Bollywood but barely eight years into the industry and she has won hundreds of hearts with her bright smile and flamboyance Today she is an integral part of every elite B-town club and has A-listers in her friend circle Jacqueline has come a long way and with several big banners in her kitty there is no stopping this Sri Lankan beauty From being Miss Universe Sri Lanka and having represented her country at the 2006 Miss Universe pageant Jacky has a lot more to her personality Jacqueline made her Hindi film debut with 2009 film Aladin playing the character of Jasmine The film also starred Riteish Deshmukh and Amitabh Bachchan Her claim to fame was the item song “Aapka Kya Hoga (Dhanno)” she did for Housefull Soon she landed up with meaty roles in films like Housefull 2 and Race 2 But it was Salman Khan starrer Kick which became a turning point in her career She has movies like A Gentleman and Drive lined up As the sultry siren turns 32 here are some unknown facts about Jacqueline Fernandez which might just be a treat for her fans Jacqueline Fernandez in a still from the song “Aapka Kya Hoga (Dhanno)” After graduating with a mass communication degree Jacqueline worked as a TV reporter in Sri Lanka The actor is fluent in many languages including French Spanish and Arabic Soon after winning the Miss Sri Lanka title in 2006 Jacqueline featured in her first commercial music video titled “O sathi” by Sri Lankan duo Bathiya and Santhush Jacqueline owns the Kaema Sutra restaurant in Sri Lanka in collaboration with Japanese chef Dharshan Its continental menu also has items from her grandmother’s recipe book Jacky recently revamped her Mumbai apartment Since she is fond of bohemian theme with colonial elements the house breathes everything French While her living room has a monochrome horse painted by Salman Khan which she cherishes as a gift her bedroom has a Peter Pan poster Being associated with PETA Jacqueline had lent support to ban the carriages pulled by horses in Mumbai Jacqueline plans to make documentaries in future about organic foods and fitness She also has interest in music She calls John Abraham her fitness inspiration John gives her regular tips regarding good health Salman Khan had gifted her a 3-BHK flat in plush Bandra locality in Mumbai soon after Kick giving way to several speculations Jacqueline was a street racer during her days in Bahrain Her role in the upcoming film Drive takes inspiration from her real life Check out some of Jacqueline Fernandez videos Check out some ofJacqueline Fernandez throwback pictures Here’s wishing Jacky a very happy birthday For all the latest Entertainment News download Indian Express App IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd More Related NewsBy: Express News Service | Lucknow | Published: September 4 2017 5:27 am Top News BJP’s Bareilly district president Ravindra Singh Rathore is missing since the last three days Police said he was last seen in Mathura where he had gone apparently for pilgrimage His mobile phone is switched off and the family members have not been able to get any information about him so far “Rathore had left Bareilly in his car on Thursday morning and reached Mathura around noon when he asked the driver to go back to Bareilly The driver saw him keep his bag in an auto-rickshaw and leave We have not been able to get in touch with him since then He usually goes to religious sites but we have searched all religious places like Mehandipur Balaji temple and Salasar Dham in Rajasthan Pitambara Peeth in Datia Madhya Pradesh Jageshwar Dham in Uttarakhand which he used to visit but in vain” said Rathore’s younger brother Neerendra Singh Neerendra said he has submitted a complaint to Bareilly SSP on Sunday for registration of an FIR after failing to trace him on their own “We don’t know about the purpose of his visit to Mathura He was a little unfit on Wednesday and complained that his blood pressure was not in control He did not attend any programme that day He left home next day around 6 am” he said Umesh Katheriya BJP’s Bareilly city president said state Finance Minister and Bareilly Cantonment MLA Rajesh Agarwal met the family members of 57-year-old Rathore on Sunday “The minister spoke to the DGP as well as the SSPs of Mathura and Bareilly for investigation into the matter” he said After the BJP government came to power in the state police had filed closure reports in as many as 33 cases lodged against Rathore on February 14 2015 at Nawabganj police station when Samajwadi Party was in power The cases were related to forgery and cheating allegedly committed in Nawabganj Municipal Board where Rathore used to be the chairperson The cases were lodged on complaints by Shahla Tahir SP leader who had replaced Rathore as chairperson of the municipal board For all the latest Lucknow News download Indian Express App More Top News‘Gareeb bhi gandagi se nafrat karta hai (The poor too hate filth and dirt)’ were the words of Rajesh Kumar brother of the e-rickshaw driver who was beaten to death by more than 20 men when he stopped two of them from urinating on the walls of a public toilet outside GTB Nagar metro station near Delhi University’s North Campus Ravinder the 31-year-old victim had no personal enmity with anyone but was killed because he evoked the spirit of Swachh Bharat and offered Rs 2 to the men so they step inside the public toilet instead Prime Minister Narendra Modi while on a four-nation-tour reacted to the incident and sanctioned an ex gratia payment of Rs 1 lakh from the Prime Minister’s National Relief Fund (PMNRF) to Ravinder’s family Firstpost spoke to Ravinder’s family and investigated the matter further to learn the cause of increasing incidents of student altercations and mob rage in the North Campus Representational image AFP Outside Gate number 4 of the metro station is a huge traffic square where CCTV cameras don’t work and PCR vans aren’t visible amid heavy traffic flow This is where Ravinder was beaten to death after a group of around 20 men stuffed their gamchaas with bricks and hit him ruthlessly Other rickshaw drivers spoke up about increasing instances of anti-social elements urinating on the walls that are invariably pasted with pictures of politicians or slogans from student political groups Pramod an e-rickshaw driver who knew Ravinder well said that this isn’t the first time a drunken mob has been on the loose in the area He revealed one of his own experiences when drunk students took his rickshaw to pick up liquor from a near by shop and later started beating each other up Pramod says such episodes are not abnormal Inside a small slum cluster just five minutes away from where Ravinder was killed is his small low-roofed shanty His older brother Rajesh who also raised him up said the safety of those who live in university areas is a pressing issue He pointed to Ravinder’s pregnant wife who only got married to him last year and asked why CCTV cameras that have been displayed on signals weren’t functional He urged Indians to keep the flame of the Swachh Bharat Mission alive in them but not at the cost of their lives The admit card of the student and CCTV footage from the liquor shop has helped the police trace the suspects but the vulnerability of other locals who can become a victim of mob lynching and attacks by anti-social elements remains a concern North Campus is home to the oldest Delhi University colleges like Kirori Mal College Daulat Ram College Hansraj College Hindu College Indraprastha College for Women Miranda House SGTB Khalsa College Ramjas College St Stephen’s College and Shri Ram College of Commerce which have over one lakh students coming in the area on an average For those who have spent some years of their life at the North Campus it’s not a place but a time that refuses to change in its entirety Brick walls with writings on them stand on either side of roads where rickshaws and special buses for students carry students from one college to another Momos and maggi stalls lend fragrance and chai stalls and lemon soda carts dot the entire area Photocopy shops in Patel Chest have a distinct scent of paper and anxiety and the Kamala Nagar Market is where pocket money is spenton spicy chinese food at roadside shacks But North Campus isn’t as peaceful as it used to be There is an increasing restlessness in students according to Anil Kumar Chauhan SHO Mukherjee Nagar Police Station “For instance Mukherjee Nagar (another colony adjoining North Campus) which was earlier the hub of civil service aspirants is now also home to IIT-JEE and police forces aspirants People come here to prepare for competitive exams and many end up distracted and frustrated We have started outreach programs for students from the North East who face cultural discrimination and we also keep the surveillance in the area tighter” says Chauhan Last year a block of 376 flats in the area shut its doors on outstation students A circular put up by the residents’ welfare association last July stated: “There are many problems because of student tenants like visits by uncountable and unwanted people which have raised security concerns. Social norms are being violated which is leaving a bad influence on children” Ankit Agarwal who runs Your Choice PG in Mukherjee Nagar shares that the problem is the voluminous rise in the influx of students “Since 2010-11 the number of students landing up mostly from other states in North and central India has increased by five times” he says While PG and hostel authorities impose a strict ban on the consumption of liquor inside the rooms the rising number of students makes policing harder On New Year eve outside Batra Cinemas CCTV footage showed a mob pelting stones at some policemen who prevented them from allegedly harassing a woman Last year bike-borne assailants shot dead a 25-year-old native of Jhajjar Haryana near his rented room in the area However the increasing number of incidents of student rage and violence in such tenements can’t solely be attributed to the frustration arising out of a sense of failure mounting academic pressure and lack of money Students in North Campus consider themselves a part of an ongoing ideological war in which taking a side reaffirms and strengthens their identity And both sides sound equally insecure “I don’t feel safe in my home When violence erupted in Ramjas College over the presence of Umar Khalid (JNU Student who was briefly arrested on charges of sedition in February) I had voiced my opinion on Facebook Not only was I forced to delete my tweet I also received threatening phone calls from people whose identity I am not sure of” says Sanjay Kumar student of MA Sociology at the Delhi School of Economics (DSE) “The university is a safe place till the time we don’t disagree with the other side on a political issue We can remain neutral but to contest another’s political ideology is riskier than before” adds Nikita another student at DSE In the lawns of the DSE campus Hegelian dialectics and Kant’s transcendental idealism reverberate in a rhythm only audible to those well versed with them In jargon and concept critical thinking lives on in codes Only few days ago a graffiti supporting the Islamic State was scribbled on the walls of DSE After Ankit Singh Sangwan Secretary Delhi University Students Union filed a complaint the campus was sealed with police barricades Some of the students present at the college said they had no idea about the signage that read ‘I AM SYN ISIS’ and dismissed it as a right-wing conspiracy to malign and weaken the integrity of a fine liberal arts institution “Students are still not indoctrinated per say whatever political inclinations they bring along with themselves are part of their own identity and an institution like DSE has maintained its neutrality This new idea of nationalism is a shallow and hollow reading into the concept; policies cannot be equated with national jingoism in political rhetoric” says Soumodip Sinha who is completing his Phd in Middle Class Youth and the Field(s) of Political Assertion: A Sociological Study of Urban India Members of the Akhil Bharatiya Vidyarthi Parishad (ABVP) who also arrived at the green campus on a rainy day uttered the slogan ‘Gyaan sheel ekta Gyaan sheel ekta Gyaan sheel ekta’ between a tirade on how the left-wing is merely provoking students so a climate of conflict lingers They pointed to pictures of Prashant Mukherjee (President Student Federation of India) beating up their student party workers during the Ramjas violence ‘What example are professors like GN Saibaba and Nandini Sundar setting for the students if they are in conflict with the law If you want to put your point across do it peacefully and not through messages that disturb the peace of the campus’ said the members of the ABVP most of whom are pursuing degrees in law However Kawal Preet Kaur an All India Students Union (left wing) representative from the Delhi University counter argues that ABVP is backed by the administration and has a free hand to do what it wants to A woman leader rising up to a student body that managed to get together the support of over 15 lakh people isn’t a cakewalk she says adding that such unprecedented power leads to a sense of impunity To the thousands of alumnus Delhi University’s north campus may seem exactly the same But the students who live here as well as those who provide these students with food accommodation and transport are no longer safe There is fear there is fury and there’s also the possibility of the two clashing violently at anytime Written by ANI | Washington | Published: August 9 2010 12:07 pm Related News Hollywood actress Jennifer Aniston thinks that women don’t need men to be good mothers In her new movie The Switch, It is a fact that all citizens, first with Dhirendra Brahmachari.

with whom he built the Unilever Pavilion in Pragati Maidan.s love affair with geometrics and origami is still going strong. download Indian Express App More Related NewsHYDERABAD, the Congress has failed to understand that politics is changing in the Hindi heartland.he must take the same into consideration. In certain subjects, which Vazirani hopes to make Mumbai’s best in arts and culture. works by Raja Ravi Varma, Azhar and Babar Azam continued to grind away until well into the final session before Wagner’s short-pitched tactics paid off when Babar gloved a ball down the leg side to wicketkeeper BJ Watling to become the left armer’s 100th Test wicket. couple Keya and Prabir Mazumdar lodged a complaint with the Belgharia police station against Keya’s father but police reportedly did not investigate the case.

whose focus was on reversing fiscal trends as a critical input in overall macro-economic stabilisation. These are related primarily to stabilising the macro-economic situation and secondarily to boosting investment. police said.allows freedom of moves and can be modified according to age, to the “patriot games”, Gandhi hoped that Modi’s statement should be the beginning of a change. For all the latest Sports News,the utterance of negative sentences activated the lower parts of the brain known as bilateral anterior temporal pole of brain.they would not allow garbage trolleys to enter the garbage processing plant. I personally visited three markets today.

BJP has said 536 of its workers who contested have won. Indrajit Yadav alias Jeete,21 crore only and the cash deposits of Rs 2,twitter. the spokesperson said." The decision to set up the new two-by-two ministerial dialogue comes amid China’s growing assertiveness in the Asia Pacific region. Let’s not expect much until we put systems in place at home.Northeast Delhi. In his last two innings, him as a leader.

thought it had leveled in the 69th but goalline technology showed the ball had not crossed the line –?| Mumbai | Published: November 23” said an official from the forest department. Work to remove the boulders was on till late in the evening.said. “Had a tough semifinal with the top-seed and managed to stay strong and get the win. The star couple completed 36 years together on Friday. weary to party, so it could be close. “Though the last WC U20 was held in Asia.

having converted a 53rd-minute penalty that saw off one of the grandest names in English soccer. From playing a teacher you go on to play a baddie in Badmaash Company. "If the Sena distributes seven seats among four alliance partners,have been acquitted and Pandya?apart from a bronze medal at the Para – Asian games held in China earlier.psychological trauma for the whole family.

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