News Follow the news on Iraq December 28, 2020 Find out more RSF_en News Three jailed reporters charged with “undermining national security” IraqMiddle East – North Africa Help by sharing this information December 16, 2020 Find out more News News Reporters Without Borders today condemned the virulent criticism expressed by the US army and by Muwaffak al-Rubai, formerly a member of the Iraq’s US-appointed Governing Council, towards the two Arabic satellite TV news stations Al-Arabiya and Al-Jazeera, which they accused of inciting violence, lying and being “anti-coalition.”The organisation said the accusations “overstepped the limits” and “denied the right to editorial independence.”It also urged the governing council not to impose any new restriction on the ability of these two Arabic-language news media from working freely in Iraq. At the end of 2003, Al-Arabiya was banned from working and its bureaux in Baghdad were closed for two months. In January of this year, Al-Jazeera was banned from covering the activities of the governing council for a month.Reporters Without Borders said that, despite legitimate security concerns, it was “unacceptable” that the commander of the US forces and other senior US officials in Iraq describe certain news media as “anti-coalition.” Such remarks were dangerous just three weeks after two journalists with Al-Arabiya were killed by US gunfire while on the job, the organisation said. They could be interpreted by troops, who are having a trying time in the field, as meaning that some journalists are enemies and therefore legitimate targets.The threats of closure and expulsion expressed by Al-Rubai, newly appointed national security adviser for a five-year term, towards Al-Jazeera and Al-Arabiya do not help establish a climate of trust between journalists and the authorities. On the contrary, they are evidence of a restrictive view of press freedom.An Al-Jazeera spokesman said the network just reported the news professionally and also interviewed American officials “to be as balanced as possible”. It did not play politics and was neither with anyone nor against anyone, he said. Al-Arabiya editor-in-chief Salah Nejm said Iraq was a free country and his network used press freedom responsibly to cover “all sides of the story.”Gen. Mark Kimmitt, the deputy chief of military operations in Iraq, said during his daily press conference in Baghdad on 12 April that anti-American sentiment was being stirred up by Al-Jazeera and in the coverage of other media opposed to the coalition.Gen. John Abizaid, the commander of the US forces in Iraq, accused Al-Jazeera and Al-Arabiya of lying about the US army’s operations in Falluja. Also on 12 April, Al-Rubai threatened to close down Al-Jazeera’s and Al-Arabiya’s bureaux in Iraq if they “continue to incite violence and sedition.” “There is no doubt in my mind that if they continue reporting in the way they are reporting now… there is no question that they should be shut down is this country”, he said. February 15, 2021 Find out more to go further RSF’s 2020 Round-up: 50 journalists killed, two-thirds in countries “at peace” April 14, 2004 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Concern about virulent criticism of Al-Jazeera and Al-Arabiya Receive email alerts Organisation Iraq : Wave of arrests of journalists covering protests in Iraqi Kurdistan IraqMiddle East – North Africa
The role of Antarctic epilithic lichens in the primary colonization of rocks and in the formation of soils is receiving attention because of the production of the stress-protective biochemicals needed to combat radiation, desiccation and extremes of temperature. Raman microscopy has been used here to study the encrustations produced at the interface between the rock substratum and Buellia spp. lichen thalli; in addition to whewellite. calcium oxalate monohydrate, the presence of weddellite, the metastable dihydrate form, was confirmed in the encrustations. An unusual pigmentation of the rock surface found on detachment of the lichen growths is identified as P-carotene from its characteristic Raman bands at 1525. 1191, 1157 and 1003 cm(-1); normally, beta-carotene, which has been identified as a UV-radiation protectant, is found at the exposed upper surface of the biological organism. The interface between the detached lichen thalli and the rock also contains whewellite as the sole biomineralization product-which suggests a. possible strategy for the formulation of weddelite in the growing Buellia spp. colony as an anti-desiccant.
The J Warren and Lois McClure Foundation, a supporting organization of the Vermont Community Foundation, has awarded a $50,000 grant to the Community College of Vermont to expand access to CCV’s Introduction to College Studies (ICS) course. Last year the Foundation supported course delivery and transportation to ICS classes for students in rural parts of the state. This fall, the J. Warren and Lois McClure Foundation awarded additional funding to expand delivery of the program in regions where access to college is a significant barrier for students.CCV’s Introduction to College Studies course helps many Vermont students make the transition from high school to college, serving over 1,200 students each year. This free, non-credit class offers a fun and effective environment for helping students build skills and confidence for college. Students who successfully complete the ICS course are eligible to apply for a voucher for a free course at any of the Vermont State Colleges or a partnering college.In a recent survey, 81% of students who completed ICS said the class gave them the experience and confidence they need for college, and in a three-year follow-up, 76% of students who successfully completed Introduction to College Studies were enrolled in college. The ongoing and charitable support from the J. Warren and Lois McClure Foundation improves college access for many young Vermonters, while helping them further their education and become active members of Vermont’s workforce and communities.The Community College of Vermont is an open admissions college, serving over 12,000 students each year through 12 statewide learning sites and comprehensive online course offerings. For more information visit www.ccv.edu(link is external) or www.vermontcf.org(link is external).Source: CCV. 11.3.2010