News UpdatesAargoya Setu Installation Not Mandatory For Travel By Air, Rail : Centre Tells Karnataka HC Mustafa Plumber12 Jun 2020 4:10 AMShare This – xThe Central Government on Friday clarified to the Karnataka High Court that it is not mandatory for a person wishing to travel by Air or Rail to install the Aarogya Setu application on mobile phone and that its use was voluntary. A division bench of Chief Justice Abhay Oka and Justice E S Indiresh was informed by Additional Solicitor General (AGS) M B Nargund that :”A person can travel…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Central Government on Friday clarified to the Karnataka High Court that it is not mandatory for a person wishing to travel by Air or Rail to install the Aarogya Setu application on mobile phone and that its use was voluntary. A division bench of Chief Justice Abhay Oka and Justice E S Indiresh was informed by Additional Solicitor General (AGS) M B Nargund that :”A person can travel by Air without having downloaded the Aarogya Setu app and the same thing applies for travel by railways. A self declaration though will have to be given by the passenger. It is advisable to download the Aarogya setu application. If they (passengers) want to have it have it ;if they don’t want to have don’t have it.” The statement was made during the hearing of a petition filed by cyber security activist, Anivar A Aravind. The court in its order recorded that :”As stated by the Additional Solicitor General, even if a passenger wishes to travel by Air and has not downloaded Aaarogya Setu application, he can travel by filing a self declaration as provided. Therefore it is not mandatory for a citizen to provide evidence of downloading the Aarogya Setu application as a condition for air travel. The guidelines making it mandatory for passengers has been amended by providing that it is advisable to download the application before commencing rail journey. This makes it clear that a person who wishes to travel by will be permitted to travel though he has not downloaded the application.” The bench while posting the matter for further hearing to July 10 has directed the state and the central government to file its statement of objections on the larger issues raised in the petition they are: Whether the Central and State Governments can make use of the Aarogya Setu application mandatory as a condition for accessing all public offices. Is the action of the Central government introducing the application supported by law?. Chief Justice Oka said these issues will have to be gone into. Senior advocate Colin Gonsalves, appearing for the petitioner, submitted that the National Directives for Covid Management, which makes the use of the app as mandatory for all employees both public and private, is in violation of Fundamental Rights, guaranteed under Articles 14, 19 and 21 of the Constitution of India. The petitioner submitted that many countries across the world launched mobile apps for contact tracing of persons who test positive for COVID-19. The applications are voluntary and most of these applications across the world use only Bluetooth and do not not access the location of the user. However, the application launched on April 2, by the National Informatics Centre for contact tracing and which has been downloaded more than 100 million times by users, has been using location service and bluetooth to track users. The petitioner also argued that the Data Access Protocol for Aarogya Setu notified by the Chairperson of the Empowered Group on Technology and Data Management on May 11 has no force of law and that this protocol cannot be an excuse to mandate the use of Aarogya setu app without any enabling law. The app has been collecting excessive data and this goes against the principles of data minimization and purpose limitation as enshrined in ‘Puttaswamy Judgement’, contended the petitioner. Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
During a 2-week intercomparison of ground-based zenith sky visible spectrometers in September 1994 at Camborne, United Kingdom (50°N, 5°W), ozone profiles were measured by electrochemical cell (ECC) sondes during 11 twilight periods. We use these profiles and a radiative transfer model to calculate separate air mass factors (AMFs) for each twilight period. We examine ozone data from one of the spectrometers of the Système d’Analyse par Observation Zénithale (SAOZ) design and we show that these separate AMFs give very straight Langley plots, except at solar zenith angles exceeding 90°. Total ozone calculated using these AMFs, by a variety of commonly used procedures, agrees with the total ozone calculated by vertically integrating the sonde profiles, with mean differences of 0 to 7 Dobson units (DU), depending on the method, and standard deviations of 9 to 11 DU (1 σ). Total ozone calculated using the best procedure (i.e., averaging twilight values), which is not sensitive to errors in the gradients of AMFs, gave excellent agreement whether using separate AMFs or fixed climatological AMFs. We analyse the variance of the data set and several sources of systematic error in the measurements. We also illustrate from an example during the campaign that such analyses are pointless in the presence of a strong jet stream, which can give rise to changes in ozone during the course of the day that are large enough to invalidate the Langley plot
Steven R. Ratner, the Bruno Simma Collegiate Professor of Law at the University of Michigan, spoke at Notre Dame Law School Monday afternoon. His lecture focused on the phrase “thin justice” and its association with the morality of international law. “Global justice remains one of the most compelling issues of our time,” Ratner said. He followed by explaining that philosophy, political science, anthropology, history and international law are among a number of disciplines central to debates on global justice. One of the main contributors to the construction of theories on global justice stems from philosophy. “Philosophers of global justice have more often than not stayed clear of legal institutions, and I think this neglect is unfortunate because international law transforms policy prescriptions and ethical ideas into blinding norms and implementation processes,” Ratner said. Unfortunately modern-day lawyers, especially those involved in academia, Ratner said, cast global justice to the side. These lawyers exhibit a tendency to draw a parallel between global justice and those facing marginalization. “Without ethics the law of global justice is ad hoc,” Ratner said. Ratner described his project as having a twofold thesis. The first deals with core norms of the international legal system he said he believes are central to laying the foundation for a world order based on justice. “Even if they came about as a result of political compromise, power of politics, and historical contingencies, [core norms] largely already conform to an ethical vision of justice, one that I term thin justice,” Ratner said. The second aspect of Ratner’s thesis surrounds present-day laws and institutions. Their fatal flaw rests in their inability, in some cases, to even meet the thin standard of justice, he said. In other cases, they simply exist and function at too great a distance from the thicker standard. In order to better examine the level of morality at which these rules operate, ethical theory can be embraced. “I see global justice as about assigning rights and duties to global actors so that it is clear what each actor is entitled to require to do or to have,” Ratner said. “Norms of international law are just if they assign those rights and duties in a way that meets a substantive standard of justice.” Ratner said two pillars form the basis of global justice. The first states the qualifications international law must uphold in order to be considered just. He said this pillar calls for the necessity of rules to promote or at least not to decrease peace internationally. The second pillar ensures basic human dignity is not damaged. “There has to be satisfaction of both the pillars for a norm to meet the standard of thin justice,” Ratner said. The idea of “thin justice” is based on Michael Walzer’s book, “Thick and Thin: Moral Argument at Home and Abroad.” Though Ratner said he does not endorse Walzer’s theories, he did gather his distinction between thick and thin morality from this author. Ratner said Walzer argues that thin morality is a moral minimum as well as a universal idea that reflects values from cultures worldwide. It is from such cultures that people can form thicker moralities within a community, he said. Ratner, however, said he believes that society can do better than this thin justice across communities. “I do think that the justice reflected within international law is thin in the sense that it is less dense and certainly less demanding on individuals than the justice envisioned by philosophers as that needed for domestic societies,” Ratner said. Though this thin justice is not that toward which the world should strive, it is nonetheless a very real form of justice present in the world today. An example of such thin justice, Ratner said, is the self-determination of core international law. “Certainly we can and should strive for thicker justice at the international level, but we must first see the moral basis of what international law already has.”
Batesville Varsity Baseball pre-sale tickets for the “2014 Red’s Futures Showcase.Event: 2014 Cincinnati Red’s/Skyline Chili “FUTURES” ShowcaseDate: Wednesday, April 2, 2014Location: Harrison, Ohio High SchoolGames: Batesville vs South Dearborn 4:30 PMLawrenceburg vs Harrison 7:00 PMAdmission: $5.00 (Adults and Students)Children 5 years and younger will be admitted free.Pre-sale: $5.00 (We have a limit of 50 tickets available.)* With each pre-sale (only) game ticket purchased, you will also receive:1. A coupon for a FREE Skyline Chili Cheese Coney AND2. A voucher for a FREE 2014 Cincinnati Red’s ticket. (Limited game selection)Pre-Sale tickets are available in the Batesville High School athletic office. They may be purchased from 7:30 AM to 4:00 PM during school days starting Monday, March 7ththrough Tuesday, April 1st.Submitted by Batesville AD Mark Ferguson.