CALGARY – The National Energy Board says exports of Canadian wood pellets to be burned as biomass fuel jumped by 46 per cent in 2016 as demand soared in the United Kingdom.The federal agency says Canada exported 2.4 billion kilograms in 2016, making it the second-largest exporter by weight after the United States. About 70 per cent was shipped to the U.K. and 11 per cent to Japan.The Canadian industry has grown by 73 per cent over the past four years, the NEB says. About 65 per cent of Canada’s pellets are produced in British Columbia.In July, Tokyo-based Sumitomo Corp. paid an undisclosed amount to buy a 48-per-cent stake in B.C. pellet maker Pacific BioEnergy Corp. to ensure a supply for its power plants in Japan.Wood pellets are made from forest industry waste such as bark and sawdust and are considered a renewable energy resource that’s easier to burn than solid wood.The NEB says the rise in demand is linked to decisions around the world to phase out coal.
BRUSSELS — The European Union’s highest court is hearing arguments on whether Britain could unilaterally revoke its decision to leave the EU ahead of its planned exit date of March 29.The European Court of Justice on Tuesday opened the session, which will assess the issue under an accelerated procedure due to the urgency of Brexit.Since Article 50 of the EU treaty of Lisbon dealing with the issue is scant on details — because it was expected that no member state would want to leave — a group of Scottish legislators want to know to what extend the U.K. can pull out of the withdrawal procedure on its own, amid increasing pressure from Brexit opponents for a second referendum on the decision to leave.The court decision could take several months.The Associated Press
FORT ST. JOHN, B.C. – Mayor Lori Ackerman woke up on Tuesday to see the Energetic City climb 145 spots since last year on Money Sense magazine’s best places to live in Canada.Ackerman explained that when she found out that Fort St. John was ranked the best place to live in B.C. and 15th best in Canada she was ecstatic.“To see that Fort St. John has made this significant standing as the number 15 in Canada and number one in B.C. place to live is pretty phenomenal,” said Ackerman. Ackerman added that much of the city’s improvement has been due to city council taking the bull by the horns in ways of recruiting more workers and listening to resident feedback.“We’ve done a lot of public consultation over the last decade. We have listened to what the people have wanted and quite often over different council meetings we have gone to the public and asked ‘what do you want?’”Ackerman mentioned that they have focused heavily on community economic development because when there is a beautiful community, the economic development will develop itself. Making sure cores services stay maintained such as water, sewers and lights was a key point for the city.“We have to continue to demonstrate leadership and environmental responsibility. We are on the world stage with our passive house and to be able to showcase Fort St. John for just that one amenity is significant.”Ackerman went on to say that the city would soon unveil a community plan to focus on the community’s vision and work hard on making the city even more livable in the winter.
Loris Karius’ proposed transfer from Liverpool to Besiktas has reportedly been delayed by an unusual reasonThe two clubs are understood to have settled on a £9.5m fee for the under-fire goalkeeper on Monday, which saw Karius being withdrawn from the Liverpool team that defeated Crystal Palace 2-0 that same evening.But confirmation of the deal has not yet arrived.The Liverpool Echo reports that the delay is down to a four-day national public holiday in Turkey.The holiday is called the “Feast of Sacrifice” and is supposed to be the most important Islamic religious festival of the year.Virgil van Dijk praises Roberto Firmino after Liverpool’s win Andrew Smyth – September 14, 2019 Virgil van Dijk hailed team-mate Roberto Firmino after coming off the bench to inspire Liverpool to a 3-1 comeback win against Newcastle United.But Karius could still complete his move to Besiktas later today with the German set to undergo a medical in Istanbul.The Turkish giants will initially sign him for a two-year loan deal, which will cost them £2.25m.By 2020, Besiktas will then have to pay Liverpool a further £7.25m to buy Karius – if he meets the performance criteria and makes the required number of appearances, as well as the club qualifying for Europe.Liverpool will also have a 20% sell-on clause included as part of the deal.
More information: Stick–slip advance of the Kohat Plateau in Pakistan, Nature Geoscience (2012) doi:10.1038/ngeo1373AbstractThroughout most of the Himalaya, slip of the Indian Plate is restrained by friction on the interface between the plate and the overlying wedge of Himalayan rocks. Every few hundred years, this interface—or décollement—ruptures in one or more Mw ≥8 earthquakes. In contrast, in the westernmost Himalaya, the Indian Plate slips aseismically beneath wide plateaux fronting the Kohistan Mountains. The plateaux are underlain by viscous décollements that are unable to sustain large earthquakes1. Potwar, the widest of these plateaux is underlain by viscous salt2, 3, which currently permits it to slide at rates of about 3 mm yr−1 (refs 4, 5), much slower than its 2 Myr average6, 7. This deceleration has been attributed to recently increased friction through the loss of salt from its décollement. Here we use interferometric synthetic aperture radar and seismic data to assess movement of the Kohat Plateau—the narrowest and thickest plateau8, 9. We find that in 1992 an 80 km2 patch of the décollement ruptured in a rare Mw 6.0 earthquake, suggesting that parts of the décollement are locally grounded. We conclude that this hybrid seismic and aseismic behaviour represents an evolution of the mode of slip of the plateaux from steady creep towards increasingly widespread seismic rupture. © 2011 PhysOrg.com (PhysOrg.com) — The media (and school teachers, of course) has done a very good job of informing most people about how earthquakes work. We can all very easily imagine two great plates rubbing against one another, like two fists rubbing together, creating havoc along fault lines. But what most of us have never likely imagined is the type of earthquake that occurred back in 1992 in Kohat, Pakistan. Explore further Instead of two plates rubbing together, a whole section of the earth simply moved from one place to another, like a rug being pulled out from underneath those that were living there. In some ways, it appears the quake was more like a giant mud slide than a normal earthquake. It’s only now, twenty years later, that scientists have put the pieces together though. S. P. Satyabala, Zhaohui Yang and Roger Bilham, as they describe in their paper published in Nature Geoscience, have found using satellite radar and historical seismic data, that the 6.0 quake was in fact a rare horizontal one.Such quakes occur, the researchers say, when a parcel of land sits atop another with something that works as a slippery agent between them. In this case, the team believes it’s a layer of salt. What happens is, a whole swath or slip of land is very, very slowly moving downhill, like a glacier. In this case, the rate is about one to two millimeters each year; so slowly that the movement is not noticed by those that are living on the land above. Unfortunately, it’s not always such a smooth ride. Every now and then, something causes a problem with the slippery layer, resulting in the upper and lower rock touching. Without the slippery stuff between them, the two layers of land stop sliding, but only for awhile as the forces that caused the top part to slide in the first place, continue to work. Eventually, the top layer gives way and lurches forward, causing a very noticeable earthquake. In 1992, over 200 people were killed as buildings fell on top of them.To come to their conclusions the team turned to interferometric synthetic aperture radar, which is a method of data collection via satellite that maps the surface of the Earth over time. In this case, when that data was combined with seismic recordings, it was easy for the team to see that some 3,800 square miles of land surrounding Kohat, had shifted about a foot, all at once.Unfortunately for those that live there, it appears that such an occurrence will likely happen again, though at least now they will have more knowledge about what is going on beneath them and thus will be able to make more informed decisions going forward. Scientists Expose ‘Buried’ Fault that Caused Deadly 2003 Quake in Iran Journal information: Nature Geoscience A North-south cross section passing through the Kohat earthquake showing the decollement and (south-dipping) faults branching upwards. Image: Nature Geoscience (2012) doi:10.1038/ngeo1373 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: New research shows 1992 earthquake in Pakistan was due to rare horizontal shift (2012, January 16) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-01-earthquake-pakistan-due-rare-horizontal.html
More information: Sarah Marshall-Pescini et al. Importance of a species’ socioecology: Wolves outperform dogs in a conspecific cooperation task, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2017). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1709027114AbstractA number of domestication hypotheses suggest that dogs have acquired a more tolerant temperament than wolves, promoting cooperative interactions with humans and conspecifics. This selection process has been proposed to resemble the one responsible for our own greater cooperative inclinations in comparison with our closest living relatives. However, the socioecology of wolves and dogs, with the former relying more heavily on cooperative activities, predicts that at least with conspecifics, wolves should cooperate better than dogs. Here we tested similarly raised wolves and dogs in a cooperative string-pulling task with conspecifics and found that wolves outperformed dogs, despite comparable levels of interest in the task. Whereas wolves coordinated their actions so as to simultaneously pull the rope ends, leading to success, dogs pulled the ropes in alternate moments, thereby never succeeding. Indeed in dog dyads it was also less likely that both members simultaneously engaged in other manipulative behaviors on the apparatus. Different conflict-management strategies are likely responsible for these results, with dogs’ avoidance of potential competition over the apparatus constraining their capacity to coordinate actions. Wolves, in contrast, did not hesitate to manipulate the ropes simultaneously, and once cooperation was initiated, rapidly learned to coordinate in more complex conditions as well. Social dynamics (rank and affiliation) played a key role in success rates. Results call those domestication hypotheses that suggest dogs evolved greater cooperative inclinations into question, and rather support the idea that dogs’ and wolves’ different social ecologies played a role in affecting their capacity for conspecific cooperation and communication. (Phys.org)—A team of researchers from the Wolf Science Center and the Comparative Cognition, Messerli Research Institute, both part of the Medical University of Vienna, has found that packs of wolves behave more cooperatively among themselves than do groups of dogs. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the group describes how they tested both groups of animals at their research institute and what they found by doing so. As the researchers note, the consensus among scientists is that dogs are more social than wolves because they have been bred over multiple generations to be social with humans. But do those social skills apply to cooperation with other dogs? That was the question that motivated the researchers to set up an experiment to compare the two groups in a contrived social setting.To test the degree of cooperation of members of a wolf pack or group of dogs, the researchers set up an apparatus that allowed two animals to work together to gain access to a food reward. To obtain a bowl of food, both animals had to tug on separate ropes at the same time—in short, they had to cooperate for the benefit of both.The researchers ran the experiment hundreds of times with multiple pairs of dogs and wolves and then tallied the results. They found that dogs were not good at cooperating to gain a meal—out of 472 tries, the dogs succeeded in getting their reward just two times. The wolves, on the other hand, were much better, getting their reward 100 times out of 416 tries.The researchers noted that the wolves did best when paired with familiar partners that also held the same “rank” in the pack. In watching how the animals went about their task, the researchers found that the wolves were much more willing to approach the food bowl together, rather than one waiting for the other. With dogs, the researchers note, the one that is dominant usually goes first, otherwise fighting erupts. The researchers suggest that by approaching the bowl together, the wolves were able to see more clearly what needed to be done to get their food reward.The researchers suggest that while dogs have clearly learned to be more social and cooperative with humans over the years, they appear to be less so with other dogs. Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Sensitivity to inequity is in wolves’ and dogs’ blood wolves working at a cooperative rope-pulling test. Credit: Rooobert Bayer (Wolf Science Center, Ernstbrunn, Austria).
Kolkata: Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Thursday announced the payment of Rs 1 lakh each to the three BJP workers who were injured in the collapse of a makeshift tent at Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s rally and are receiving treatment at Midnapore Medical College and Hospital.The money will be paid from the Chief Minister’s Relief Fund. Banerjee, on her way to the convocation of IIT Kharagpur which is scheduled to be held on Friday, paid a surprise visit to the hospital where the three Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal lifeseriously injured have been admitted. “Those who are injured at the Prime Minister’s rally are from lower-middle class families. The doctors have taken proper care and I announce the payment of Rs 1 lakh each to the three injured persons who are undergoing treatment,” Banerjee told reporters here. She had prayed for the quick recovery of the injured persons in a tweet. She also spoke to the doctors and asked them to treat the injured persons with top priority. As many as 90 people were injured, five of them seriously, in the incident. All the injured persons were treated and discharged except these three. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Mercedes car in Kolkata, 2 pedestrians killedBanerjee went to the ward where the injured patients have been put up and spoke to them and their family members. She also had a word with the doctors and inquired about their health. She was accompanied by Surajit Kar Purkayastha, the state Security Advisor. It may be mentioned that the state government is conducting an investigation into the collapse of the tent. Senior police officers have spoken to the decorator’s firm that had put up the pandal. A team from the Home ministry had also visited the site and has spoken to senior police officers as well. State Forensic experts have visited the site and collected samples. No report on the cause of the collapse of the pandal has yet been submitted to the state government.
February 27, 2019 Get 1 Year of Green Entrepreneur for $19.99 4 min read Cannabis had just been legalized for recreational use in Oregon, so I and everyone else in my town lined up, sometimes for an hour, outside the busy dispensaries. When I finally got to the counter, I had mere minutes to read the menu and even less time to discuss it with the budtender and make an informed decision. It was a terrible customer experience.That’s when it hit me: What if I could just go online, educate myself about the products available at each dispensary, determine which was right for me, click a button, and have them delivered straight to my home?Related: Her Dad Founded the Emerald Cup and Now She Is Co-Producer of the Industry’s Largest FestivalThe concept wasn’t completely random. In my previous life, I ran and sold two online food-ordering companies. The first I helped start in college, after I noticed how much time students wasted looking through stacks of paper menus and calling restaurants for delivery. After graduating, I discovered there were no online food-delivery businesses in Canada, so my partner and I created GrubCanada, scaled it from coast to coast, and sold it to Just Eat in 2012.Now I live in Bend, Oreg., where I ran my idea by my brother. He hates 99.9 percent of the stuff I pitch him, but he said, “You have to do this.” So he joined as my CPO. We named the company Dutchie (slang for “joint”) and got to work applying the same ideas that we would in online food ordering.We soon learned that the cannabis business was a different beast. It would require some creative rethinking.At first, we stuck with what we knew: We built a system that looks a lot like a restaurant delivery service. Customers can shop on our platform, and then a dispensary receives the customer’s order and is responsible for delivering the product. But as soon as we launched, we ran into a big problem. Dispensaries may sell up to 1,000 products, always get new products in, and run out of stock all the time — which means their inventory is constantly changing. This is the opposite of the restaurant business, where menus stay the same. When was the last time you ordered from Domino’s and were told they ran out of pepperoni pizza?Related: How MedMen Is Making Marijuana MainstreamWe quickly got calls from frustrated dispensaries that were getting orders for sold-out products, and from angry customers who’d ordered something that wasn’t available. It was devastating — I thought we might have to shut down. Then we came up with a solution. We integrated our software with major POS systems, so when a dispensary added or sold out of a product, Dutchie updated automatically.One crisis solved, but soon there were others. In my former businesses, we used Google AdWords, Instagram, and Facebook to market, which you can’t do with cannabis. We had to get the word out, but how? One thing I learned from the food-ordering business is that when a customer uses your service, it’s easier to get them to order again than it is to get somebody new to order. We needed to encourage repeat business. Related: How to Finesse FDA Regulations and Successfully Market Your CBD BusinessThat’s why we got creative with customer service. When somebody orders from Dutchie for the first time, we surprise them a week later with an appreciation package in the mail. Inside is a handwritten thank-you note, some Dutchie swag, and a pair of custom Dutchie slippers. Our message is: Relax and let the dispensary come to you, or order for pickup. That personal touch builds brand loyalty and creates word of mouth. Dutchie is now in more than 250 stores across nine states. If I could share one takeaway for those considering jumping into the cannabis business, it would be to stay in your lane. If you become a master at something, no matter what business it is, then stick to that expertise. For me, it was online ordering. I’m still in online ordering today. I’ve switched my focus to cannabis because I saw an opportunity, but at the core of what we’re doing — our operation, our logistics, our software, our team — it’s the same as helping you order a pepperoni pizza. This story appears in the March 2019 issue of Entrepreneur. Subscribe » Subscribe Now Green Entrepreneur provides how-to guides, ideas and expert insights for entrepreneurs looking to start and grow a cannabis business.